12:6-9 Abram's Journey in Canaan
through the land as far as Shechem, to the oak grove of Moreh. At that time
the Canaanites were in the land. The Lord appeared to Abram and said, "To
your offspring I will give this land." So he built an altar there to the
Lord, who appeared to him.
From there he went
on toward the mountains east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on
the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and called on
the name of the Lord. Then Abram set out, and continued traveling toward the
2:33-40 Simeon and Anna prophesy of Jesus
The child's father
and mother marveled at what was said about him. Then Simeon blessed them and
said to Mary, his mother: "This child is destined to cause the falling
and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, so
that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce
your own soul too."
There was also a
prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very
old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, and was a
widow of about eighty-four years. She never left the temple, but worshipped
night and day, fasting and praying. Coming up to them at that very moment, she
gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward
to the redemption of Jerusalem.
When Joseph and
Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to
Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. And the child grew and became strong;
he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.
Coelestia #1458.5 The Lord's inner light
out, and continued traveling toward the south" symbolizes the Lord's
progress into goodness and truth, and thus into a state of inner
enlightenment. Religious knowledge is what opens up the path to seeing
heavenly and spiritual things. By means of that knowledge, a path is opened up
from the inner self to the outer self, in which there are receiving
vessels--as many vessels as there are good and true religious ideas. Heavenly
things flow into these as into their own special vessels.
This child is
destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign
that will be spoken against, so that the thoughts of many hearts will be
revealed. (Luke 2:34-35)
of many hearts will be revealed." I have been thinking lately that in
this generally Christian culture, Jesus is something of a touchstone or a
litmus test as to where people are spiritually. Not that we can judge where
anyone else is spiritually, but we can perhaps surmise something of their
mental or inner state by their reaction to who Jesus was. The same thing goes
for our own inner state.
There are many
different opinions in our culture, our country, and our world about who Jesus
was. Do people accept Jesus? Do they accept him as their Lord and Savior? If
so, that tells something about their spiritual state. Do people accept him as
a great prophet? That also tells something. Do people reject Jesus? And
if they do reject Jesus, why do they? Is it because they had a bad experience
of Jesus growing up in Sunday School and church, and therefore they reject
him? Or do they reject the Lord because they are unwilling to have their lives
reformed by that influence?
Some people are too
skeptical; they can't accept anything that doesn't accord with "hard
reason." Therefore they reject any possibility that Jesus could be
divine. In their view, he was an ordinary human being. And some people are
simply indifferent to Jesus. They really don't care, and don't pay any
attention to Jesus at all. This also tells something about their spiritual
Of course, for
people from non-Christian cultures it is different. But in a Christian
culture, our response to Jesus--who he was, how he affects us--says a lot
about our spiritual state. So "the thoughts of many hearts will be
revealed." The thoughts of many hearts are revealed in our response to
the Lord Jesus Christ--to the God of our religion.
The thoughts of our
hearts being revealed is a process of revelation--of showing what is
within us, and bringing it out. Jesus also went through that process of
revelation. Remember: he was born as a human being. He was born as a baby. He
went through all of the stages that we go through. And he became the divine
pattern for our own spiritual growth.
This process of
revelation is the meaning of the "travels" that are mentioned in our
Old Testament reading. In our series on the inner life of Jesus, we are
following the Gospel story, but also following the story of Genesis: of Abram
and his travels, of Isaac and Jacob, of Joseph. These tell the inner life of
Jesus. And as we deal with the story of the call of Abram and his journey to
Canaan, we are still speaking of the infancy and young childhood of Jesus.
Jesus began, as we
all do, being aware only of his own feelings and needs. When we are first
born, and when we are in our infancy, we aren't thinking of the people around
us. In fact, we are not really thinking at all; we are simply feeling.
And we are feeling our own wants and needs; our own pains and pleasures. As a
baby, Jesus started there as well. This is symbolized by Abram starting in Ur
of the Chaldees, which is in Babylonia. And Babylonia represents the love of
self, or being wrapped up in ourselves.
That is where we
all start. We are wrapped up in our own feelings. It is only gradually that we
begin moving away from that state of being. At that stage of our lives we do
not move by any conscious choice. It is simply by the natural growth of our
mind and through experience of the world around us that we move to a state
represented by Haran, at the top of the Fertile Crescent, where Terah took
Abram and his family, and Abram's nephew Lot.
Haran represents a
general awareness of the wants and needs of others. It represent
"outward, natural goodness." At this stage of our psychological
growth, we recognize that other people have needs just as we do, and we try to
be good people and help them out. As we grow out of our state of infancy and
into childhood, we begin to be aware that we have parents, that we have
brothers and sisters, or other children, around us, and that we have to take
their wants and feelings and needs into account as well as our own. This is
not particularly virtuous in us; it is simply the way we develop as human
Jesus developed in
this way as well. He became aware of the world around him, of the people
around him, of his parents, of the other children, of other adults. He became
aware that these people have wants and needs. And of course, he became aware
if this much more quickly and deeply than we do as finite human beings. So
Jesus traveled first from Ur, from that self-absorption of infancy, to Haran--to
an awareness of others around him.
Then he received a
call, which we talked about last time. That call was the first dawning into conscious
awareness of an understanding that he had a deeper mission; that he couldn't
just coast along in life; that he was sent here to accomplish something.
There is also a
point in our lives when we realize, "My life isn't here just to live it.
God put me here for a purpose. God had something in mind for me. And I am
meant to discover that purpose and follow it, and to do God's work here on
earth." For us as human beings, that purpose may involve some talent that
God put in us that makes us able to serve others in our own unique way. In the
case of the Lord, it was a far bigger and broader: it was the salvation of the
entire human race. We spoke about this last time when we covered the Lord's
calling, and what he was sent to do.
When he received
that call, he became consciously aware almost from infancy, perhaps when he
was a toddler, that he had a divine mission. It was far beyond anything that
we go through at that time of our lives. And at that point he began
When we read in the
Bible that Abram traveled to the land of Canaan and went to Shechem, the Oak
Grove at Moreh, to Bethel and Ai, and then to the South, it may seem to be
just a lot of geography, and not particularly inspired. But when we start
reading Swedenborg's explanations of these things, we realize that every
single one of these places is significant. These are the travels of the Lord's
soul--and of our soul--in the spiritual landscape. We have different
"places" within us, and they correspond to geographical places. Each
one of the places where Abram stopped on his journey represents a different
state of consciousness that the Lord went through at the highest level, and
that we go through at a lower level.
Let's spend a few
minutes going through some of the places that Abram visited, and getting a
taste of their meanings.
When Abram left
Haran, he went to the land of Canaan. The land of Canaan, in comparison to the
other lands around it, especially represents our spiritual life. So
when we travel to the land of Canaan, we are traveling out of merely worldly
living. When we "travel to Canaan" we are not going to live for
money; we are not going to live for power; we are not going to live for
pleasure. We are not going to live for any of the things that the world
gives us. We can still enjoy these things. But they will no longer be our
purpose, our focus, in life. The land of Canaan means living from deeper,
spiritual principles. These will be the motivating force in our lives from now
So the first thing
to understand generally is that Jesus went to the land of Canaan. He had a
divine call to a higher, spiritual mission.
But within the land
of Canaan there are many different places. There are cities and towns, there
are mountains and hills and valleys. Within our spiritual life there are
different states of being, and there are ups and downs. Jesus began to
progress through these as he became more and more aware of his spiritual and
The first place
Abram stopped in the land of Canaan was Shechem. Although it was located
fairly centrally in the land, one of the regular travel routes went across the
Jordan opposite Shechem, so that it was one of the first towns that people who
followed that route came to in Canaan itself.
Because of this,
Shechem represents an introductory state. In Jesus especially, it means
becoming aware of the love that is within. We sometimes think spiritual
things are a matter of learning in the head: that if we study and learn the
teachings of the church, we are spiritual people. But that is not what it
means to be spiritual. The teachings can an entryway--and in that sense they
are represented by the river Jordan. We do need to learn them, and "cross
But once we become
aware of the teachings, we also become aware of the calling of love from
within. We become aware that religion is not just an intellectual thing. No,
it is God calling to us in our hearts. "The thoughts of many hearts
will be revealed." We realize that spiritual living is about learning to
Shechem is our
first inkling that spirituality is not just an intellectual thing; that our
hearts must open up. Jesus recognized and felt this at a very deep level. Last
time we mentioned how everything Jesus learned and did came first from love.
It would be nice if that were always true of us human beings, but we take a
bit longer to catch on!
Abram came to
Shechem, and "to the oak grove at Moreh." Trees, in general,
represent thoughts, ideas, and principles. Once Jesus had gotten this sense of
love, he then perceived and understood things from love.
And here I would
like to say a few things about learning and intuition. All of us have gone
through some sort of schooling or learning process, of picking things up from
the outside. Many people think they are very smart if they know a lot
of things, if they can quote texts and rattle off the laws of physics or
psychology or theology.
But there is
another kind of knowing that we call "intuition." Those who trust
only in "hard" knowing of "facts" may think of intuition
as being just a matter of unreliable hunches. But intuition is what Swedenborg
would call "perception." It involves knowing, not from the outside
through our senses, but from the heart. And it is also the experience of
knowing that something is true (or false) the moment we hear it.
When we are living
from the heart, we begin to get these inner perceptions. They often have to do
with other people's inner state. We may have spent years studying psychology,
and think we can analyze people; but someone who can feel with the heart
where the other person is mentally and emotionally has a greater perception
and a greater ability to help the other person than someone with all the
psychology degrees in the world. That is the power of perception. We know from
within; we can see from within. And we make both a heart connection and
a head connection.
The oak grove at
Moreh, near Shechem, means this knowing from the heart.
We see this in
Jesus throughout his ministry. He could approach people, see them, talk to
them, and know exactly what was in their heart. He didn't have to study their
history. He just knew from being in their presence, from hearing them
speak, from perceiving their spirit. Even at an early age he was gaining this
heart perception of others' inner states--a perception that would serve him
well later on. This is something for us to aspire to as well.
Of course, our
spiritual journey is not all sweetness and light. There is that cryptic little
phrase, "At that time the Canaanites were in the land." Who were the
Canaanites? The Canaanites were the people then inhabiting the land, who
became the enemies of the Israelites when they moved into the Holy Land.
"The Canaanites were in the land." Abram was merely sojourning there
at that time. He did not possess the land; the Canaanites did.
represent everything that is already "inhabiting" our spirit that we
are going to have to overcome. When we first turn toward spiritual living, we
may think everything is going to be terrific from then on. But in fact, our
struggles have just begun. We do get a wonderful sense of God's presence. But
then we realize, "I have a lot of enemies within me: I have a lot of
selfishness in me; I have a lot of materialism in me. I think of myself first.
I tend to ignore others." And so on. We each have our own
"Canaanites in the land." And we realize that we have a lot of work
to do. "The Canaanites were in the land." It's a tiny little phrase,
but it says so much! It says that we have many inner obstacles to overcome.
these inner enemies our hereditary evil. In Jesus, it was what he got from his
mother. His mother was an ordinary human being like anyone else. She had
faults like anyone else, and she passed on to Jesus our human faults and
shortcomings--or rather, she passed on tendencies toward them. These
were in him. He knew that he had to struggle against them. They are in us as
well, and we have a spiritual struggle ahead of us. That is all expressed in
the little phrase, "At that time the Canaanites were in the land."
Abram then goes to
mountains east of Bethel. And Jesus continues, spiritually, toward the
heavenly things of love. The name "Bethel" means "house of
God." Bethel was where Jacob saw the stairway going up to heaven, and
said, "This is none other than the house of God; this is the gate of
heaven" (Genesis 28:17). So Bethel represents the heavenly side of
things, while Ai represents the more worldly side of things.
caught--and we are caught--between this new spiritual life, in which we wish
to live from deeper principles, and the worldly principles that we have been
living by so far. We are between Bethel and Ai, between heaven and the world,
and we are struggling: the Canaanite is in the land. We realize that we need
greater enlightenment. This is the message of the key phrase in our reading
from Genesis on the development that was taking place within the Lord:
"Then Abram set out, and continued traveling toward the south."
In the Bible,
directions have meaning. East and west represent closeness to the Lord and
distance from the Lord. East is where the sun rises. It represents closeness
to the Lord, and especially to God's love. The west is being more
distant from the Lord and from love. South is toward the equator, toward the
brightness of noon. North is away from the equator, toward the darkness.
Traveling toward the south, then, represents the Lord realizing that he needed
to gain more enlightenment. The south means learning and gaining
Jesus began to move
into the next phase that we go through in childhood. There is a time in our
young lives when we stop acting simply from our feelings and impulses, and
begin consciously learning things. For us, this happens at about four or five
years old. Our society recognizes that this is a time to begin giving children
intellectual content. It is time when children begin to focus consciously on
Jesus, also, knew
that he needed to learn. His development parallels ours. But I said that
backwards. Our development parallels his. And there was a time
when he realized that he needed to "travel to the south." He needed
to study and learn. And he spent a great deal of his childhood doing exactly
that. Next time, as we look at the story of Jesus in the Temple as a
twelve-year-old boy, we will recognize that he was learning throughout his
childhood, just as we learn--only far more quickly, far more fully, and far
God shows us this
divine pattern. The inner life of Jesus is all contained within the Bible. And
it moves at this point from infancy into childhood; from a state of the heart
to a state of the mind.
We also follow this
pattern spiritually. We follow it as children; and we follow it as adults when
we take our first conscious steps toward spiritual living, and realize,
"I know nothing about spiritual living. I need to learn about it.
I need to read books, go to Bible studies, hear sermons, do something
to enlighten myself, so that I can see and understand what this spiritual path
is that I am called to follow." This is traveling toward the south.
In Jesus, "the
thoughts of many hearts will be revealed." Our hearts will be
revealed as we learn the spiritual truth that can form vessels for God's
presence in us. Amen.
Used with Permission
© 2002 Bruce DeBoer
background by Judy