The Inner Passion of the Christ

By the Rev. Lee Woofenden

Bridgewater, Massachusetts, April 4, 2004


Isaiah 53 By his wounds we are healed

Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. He was despised and rejected by mortals, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom others hide their faces he was despised, and we held him of no account.

Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to our own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away. Yet who of his generation considered that he was cut off from the land of the living for the transgression of my people, to whom the blow was due? He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.

Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though you make his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. After the suffering of his soul, he will see and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Mark 15:22-39 The crucifixion of Jesus

They brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which means The Place of the Skull). Then they offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it. And they crucified him. Dividing up his clothes, they cast lots to see what each would get.

It was the third hour when they crucified him. The written notice of the charge against him read: The King of the Jews. They crucified two robbers with him, one on his right and one on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled which says, "He was counted with the lawless ones" Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, "So! You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, come down from the cross and save yourself!"

In the same way the chief priests and the teachers of the law mocked him among themselves. "He saved others," they said, "but he can't save himself! Let this Christ, this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Those crucified with him also heaped insults on him.

At the sixth hour darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"--which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

When some of those standing near heard this, they said, "Listen, he's calling Elijah."

One man ran, filled a sponge with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus to drink. "Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to take him down," he said.

With a loud cry, Jesus breathed his last.

The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. And when the centurion, who stood there in front of Jesus, heard his cry and saw how he died, he said, "Surely this man was the Son of God!"

Arcana Coelestia #4735.9 The Lord's passion

The Christian Church of today knows nothing else but that "the blood of the Lamb" means the Lord's passion. For it believes that people are saved solely through the Lord's passion, and that it was to endure this that he was sent into the world. This belief may be enough for simple people who cannot grasp deeper secrets. Yet the Lord's passion was actually the last stage of his temptation, by which he fully glorified his humanity (Luke 24:26; John 12:23, 27, 28; 13:31, 32; 17:1, 4, 5). And "the blood of the Lamb" is the same as the divine truth, or that which is holy flowing from his Divine Human; so it is the same as "the blood of the covenant."


He was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5)

Well, I've finally gone and done it. I finally went to see Mel's Movie: "The Passion of the Christ." I figured that if I was going to do it, I'd better do it before Palm Sunday and Holy Week. I must admit, I have been avoiding this movie. You have probably read the reviews, and some of you may have seen it. Just as the reviews say, it is a relentless bloodbath. It's a very difficult movie to sit through.

The scenes focus on the physical suffering. And I think that is why, at the end of the movie, I felt unsatisfied. Yes, it was a portrayal of the brutality that took place in those days. And I don't doubt that there were floggings just as brutal as the one depicted in the movie. Yet it seemed that the main point of the movie was to show the brutality, the suffering, and the physical pain. There were brief flashbacks of Jesus' life and message--and long, drawn-out scenes of physical torture. The whipping scene was certainly the longest and most explicit I have ever seen in any movie. And the scene of Jesus bearing his cross from the city of Jerusalem out to Golgotha seemed to take up about half the movie! It just kept going and going, with Jesus being brutalized the whole way.

Yes, it was a very difficult movie to sit through. And it left me unsatisfied. It seemed to focus on the outer suffering--which was, indeed, real--to the neglect of the inner suffering that was taking place within Jesus, and that he struggled with throughout his life.

So my theme for this morning is "The Inner Passion of the Christ."

This movie was touted beforehand as an accurate portrayal of the Gospel story of Christ's last twelve hours. To some extent, it was. But it did take liberties. And it certainly was an interpretation, just as every other movie about Jesus is an interpretation.

In particular, this movie draws on traditional Christian theology, which says that the Lord's suffering was necessary in order to pay the price for our sins. That price had to be paid in order to satisfy the wrath, or the justice, of God the Father. "All we, like sheep, have gone astray" (Isaiah 53:6). And God the Father is angry with us because we have sinned. Or God the Father has a "perfect sense of justice," which must be satisfied. Someone had to pay the price for our sins. And that someone had to be Jesus Christ--God's own Son.

In this view, our salvation is in each drop of Christ's blood. And in the movie, there was plenty of it! From the perspective of the movie's director, Christ's blood was the salvation of our souls. So the blood and gore become the focus of the movie.

This idea of salvation strikes me as similar to the idea that the police must put someone away for every murder, even if they get the wrong man. Someone has to pay for the life that was taken! Or it is similar to our country's response to the attacks of September 11, 2001. Someone had to pay for it! Even if we were not quite sure who did it, or couldn't quite get at them, we had to punish someone for what was done to us. And the punishment had to be big! It is the same in the traditional Christian view of God the Father's attitude toward Christ's suffering. Someone had suffer for the sins that we humans committed! And if we weak and limited humans couldn't suffer enough to pay the price, then God's Son Jesus would do it for us.

From our church's perspective, this view of God's nature is based on an interpretation of the Bible that is comes from physical-mindedness rather than from spiritual understanding. I cannot accept such a view of God. And I presume, since you are here in this church, that you cannot accept it either.

Emanuel Swedenborg, the great theologian of our church, utterly rejected this vindictive view of God. One of his most potent expressions of this is in True Christian Religion #132. I would like to read part of it to you. Swedenborg had a flair for the dramatic at times, and I found this passage quite compelling. He introduces the subject by saying:

It is a fundamental error on the part of the Christian Church to believe that the passion on the cross was the real act of redemption. That error, together with the erroneous belief in three divine persons existing from eternity, has so corrupted the whole Christian Church that there is not a scrap of spirituality left in it.

This is what brought home to me the realization that this movie is all about the physical; it is not about the spiritual at all. A vast number of Christians focus on the physical side of things rather than on the spiritual--which is the true meaning and reality of the crucifixion.

Now let's see what Swedenborg has to say about the traditional Christian view of the Atonement and the Passion of Christ. It is good to keep in mind that this was written over two hundred years ago. Some parts of Christianity have moved beyond what he writes here. Other parts of Christianity, though, are still stuck right where he describes them. He says:

Is there any subject that does more to fill and pack the books of orthodox theology today, or is taught and driven home more zealously in colleges, and is more often preached and ranted about in pulpits, than the belief that God the Father, in his anger with the human race, not only drove it away from him, but actually placed it under the ban of universal damnation, thus excommunicating it? But because he is gracious, he persuaded or forced his own Son to come down and take upon himself the sentence of damnation, so as to appease his Father's anger--and it is only in this way that he is able to look upon human beings with any favor?

They add that this was accomplished by the Son, who, in order to take upon himself the damnation of the human race, allowed himself to be flogged by the Jews, have his face spat upon, and then be crucified as "accursed in the sight of God" (Deuteronomy 21:23). The Father was propitiated when this had been done, and through his love for his Son revoked the damnation--but only for those for whom the Son interceded, so that he became in perpetuity a Mediator with his Father. These and similar phrases ring through our churches today, re-echoing from the walls like the echoes in woodlands, and filling the ears of all listeners.

But is there anyone whose rationality is enlightened and made whole by reading the Bible who cannot see that God is mercy and compassion itself, since he is love itself and good itself, and these qualities are his essence? And that it is therefore a contradiction to say that mercy itself or good itself could look upon humans in anger, and pass a sentence of damnation on them, and still remain what he is in his divine essence? Such actions can hardly be attributed to upright people, but rather to evil people; nor to angels of heaven, but rather to spirits from hell. So it is an unspeakable crime to attribute such acts to God.

This is Swedenborg's Bible-based perspective on the traditional Christian view of the Atonement. He is saying, in essence: How could God, who is love (1 John 4:8, 16), feel anything but love for the human race? How could God feel wrath toward us, and want us punished? How could God want his own Son Jesus to suffer for our sins, as is taught in traditional Christianity?

These are not things that good people feel and do. If we are truly upright, we do not wish evil upon our enemies. Rather, if someone has done wrong to us, we wish that they would reform. We don't desire punishment for those who have hurt us, and we don't feel vindictive toward them. Rather, if we truly have God's love in our heart, we wish for reconciliation; we wish for "atonement," to use the Christian term. So to attribute anger, wrath, and harsh justice to God is a terrible insult upon the nature of the Divine.

In our church, we do not believe in the kind of theology that says that the physical suffering of Jesus Christ would satisfy the anger, wrath, and justice of God. We don't believe that. And if we look at the story of the crucifixion, we find that it was not God who punished Jesus. It was the evil people of his day who punished Jesus. It was human beings who punished Jesus. And God, I believe, was standing by in mercy, weeping at what was taking place.

For Jesus Christ himself, though the physical pain was certainly terrible to bear, the inner pain was far greater. The inner pain was this: The whole reason that the Lord came to this earth was to reach out to people in love, and to show people the truth. And what he got from most of the people was rejection and insults and murderous hatred toward the truth, goodness, and love that he was bringing to them. That was what he met on this earth.

The greatest passion of Christ was not the physical suffering. It was knowing that people were digging their own graves by rejecting the love and the goodness and the truth that the Lord brought to them. It was knowing that people were making a life of hell for themselves, and shutting themselves out of the heaven that the Lord longs to give us.

Christ's suffering was not for his own sake. He could take the physical and emotional pain. He knew that he had a connection with his divine Father. And he looked out and felt a terrible pity and compassion for the people. When he came to the city of Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, he wept over it (Luke 19:41). Later, while he was teaching the people in the Temple, he said, "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing" (Matthew 23:37).

It was out of pure mercy and love that God came to us as Jesus. He came because he wanted to reach out to us. And the passion of the Christ was knowing that so many would reject that love--that so many were rejecting that love, and expressing their rejection through the insults and abuse and torture and death that they heaped upon him. That was the inner passion of the Christ. It was the pain of knowing that so many would choose eternal pain and death over eternal life and joy.

Today, the Lord has the same struggle in our world. The Lord has the same struggle with those who would reject the higher way--the way of love and mercy and truth and justice--and would instead grasp for their own pleasure and power. The Lord has the same struggle and passion in our world that he did two thousand years ago.

He has the same struggle and the same passion in each one of us as well. Jesus is struggling in every one of us. He is struggling in our own souls to bring us out of our way of selfishness, out of the way of thinking only of our own pleasure, out of our false materialism, and into the true and deep love that he wishes to give us. He is struggling within us to save each one of us, to bring us toward the good. And he is doing this, not for the sake of his own pleasure and glory, but because he loves us, and he wants us to be happy. He wants us to be fulfilled and satisfied. He wants us to have the same joy and love that he feels for us.

This is his passion within us today. This is his passion in our world today. It is a passion to save the entire human race. It is a passion to save each one of us. It is a passion to save you. It is a passion to save me. This is the inner passion of Christ.

I believe that this is what he was thinking of when he was hanging on the cross. He was not thinking of the physical pain. He was thinking of all those who would come to him because he was lifted up in that way. He had said to his disciples, "When I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw all people to myself" (John 12:32). And we can see in his struggles and his suffering the true nature of God's love for us: that God would come to us from his place of complete bliss at the center of the universe, come to us out here in this cold and dark world, and suffer all those things purely to show us what God's love is truly all about.

That was his struggle; that was his mission; that was why he was willing to suffer and die for us. He wanted us to know that he, that God, will do anything for us. God will suffer for us. God will die for us in order to show us what true divine love is. That is the message. That is the passion. That is the powerful and comforting assurance that God gives us today.

God is there for us. And there is nothing we can do, there is no insult we can heap upon our Lord, there is no type of abandonment we can commit against our Lord that will cause him to turn away from us. No matter what we may have done, no matter how bad we may think we are, Jesus loves us; God loves us. And God is reaching out to us, asking us to turn toward him, to accept him into our lives, and to live in the love that is Jesus Christ. Amen.




Music: Fairest Lord Jesus